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光物理系列学术报告(第162期)

作者:佚名  来源:本站整理  发布时间:2018-7-20 18:07:19
 
题目:First experimental demonstration of magnetized fast laser isochoric heating for       efficient creation of high-energy-density states
 
报告人:Professor Shinsuke FUJIOKA
             Institute of Laser Engineering (ILE), Osaka University, Japan
 
 
摘要:
The quest for the inertial confinement fusion (ICF) ignition is a grand challenge, as exemplified by extraordinary large laser facilities like National Ignition Facility (NIF). Although scientific break-even, the energy released by fusion reaction exceeds the energy contains in the compressed fusion fuel, was achieved on NIF, the pathway to the ignition is still unclear.
Fast isochoric heating of a pre-compressed plasma core with a high-intensity short-pulse laser is an attractive approach to create ultra-high-energy-density states like those found in inertial confinement fusion ignition sparks. This avoids the ignition quench caused by the hot spark mixing with the cold fuel, which is the crucial problem of the currently pursued ignition scheme.
Relativistic-intensity laser-plasma interactions efficiently produce relativistic electron beams (REB). However, only a small portion of the REB collides with the core because of its large divergence. Here we have demonstrated enhanced laser-to-core energy coupling with a magnetized fast isochoric heating method. The method employs a kilo-tesla-level magnetic field that is applied to the transport region from the REB generation point to the core which results in guiding the REB along the magnetic field lines to the core. 7.7 ± 1.3 % of the maximum coupling was achieved even with a relatively small radial area density core (ρR ∼ 0.1 g/cm2).
A simple model shows 6.2% of the coupling with the experimentally measured parameters, this value is fairly consistent with the coupling measured in the integrated experiment, and the simple evaluation reveals that higher area density core leads to higher laser-to-core coupling. An energy density increment of the heated core is about 1 Gbar, which corresponds to 50 J of the energy deposition in a 100-μm-diameter spherical volume. An ultra-high-energy density state could be efficiently created by the magnetized fast isochoric heating.
Finally, plasma hydrodynamics, generation and transport of electron/ion beams, thermal conduction and α particle transport will be able to be controlled by the externally applied strong magnetic field. There is no doubt that laser-plasma experiments with strong magnetic fields contain a lot of unexplored physics, therefore this research also stimulates spin-off sciences in the field of atomic physics, nuclear physics, and astrophysics which act to broaden inertial fusion sciences and high energy density sciences.
 
简介
Shinsuke FUJIOKA is a professor of Institute of Laser Engineering (ILE), Osaka University, Japan since 2015. He is also the project manager of Fast Ignition Realization EXperiment (FIREX). He received Bc. degree from Faculty of Engineering, Osaka University in 1999, Mc. and Dc. degrees from Graduated School of Engineering, Osaka University in 2001 and 2005. His research interests are laser-based nuclear fusion, laser-plasma interactions, atomic physics under extreme conditions such as high intense x-rays and magnetic fields. He was awarded the young scientists' prize from the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and the technology in 2011 and also from Japanese Society of Physics in 2010. He got the LSJ award for distinguished achievements in research from The Laser Society of Japan in 2011. Throughout his career, he has published 237 journal papers according to Web of Science database. In 2013, he demonstrated a magnetic field up to 1 kT by using nanosecond laser pulses irradiating a capacitor-coil target. It offers a new experimental test bed to study plasma andbeam physics, astro- and solar-physics, materials science, and atomic and molecular physics.
时间20180619星期二上午10:00
地点中科院物理研究所M253会议室
联系人:陆凌 研究员(Tel:82649203)
邀请人:张喆 研究员(Tel:82649903)
主办单位:中国科学院光物理重点实验室
 
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