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光物理系列学术报告(第120期)

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题目:Observation of Exceptional point in a chaotic exciton polariton billiard

报告人:高廷阁, 博士后, 国立澳大利亚大学

摘要:

Exciton-polaritons are hybrid light–matter quasiparticles formed by strongly interacting photons and excitons (electron–hole pairs)in semiconductor microcavities. They have emerged as a robustsolid-state platform for next-generation optoelectronic applications as well as for fundamental studies of quantum many-bodyphysics. Importantly, exciton-polaritons are a profoundly open(that is, non-Hermitian) quantum system, which requires constant pumping of energy and continuously decays, releasing coherent radiation. Thus, the exciton-polaritons always existing balanced potential landscape of gain and loss. However, the inherent non-Hermitian nature of this potential has so far been largely ignored in exciton-polariton physics. In this talk, I will demonstrate that non-Hermiticity dramatically modifies the structure of modes and spectral degeneracies in exciton-polariton systems, and, therefore, will affect their quantum transport, localization and dynamical properties. Using a spatially structured optical pump, we create a chaotic exciton-polariton billiard. Eigenmodes of this billiard exhibit multiple non-Hermitian spectral degeneracies, known as exceptional points. Such points can cause remarkable wave phenomena, such as unidirectional transport, anomalous lasing/absorption and chiral modes. By varying parameters of the billiard, we observe crossing and anti-crossing of energy level sand reveal the non-trivial topological modal structure exclusive to non-Hermitian systems. I will also show mode switching and a topological Berry phase for a parameter loop encircling the exceptional point. Our findings pave the way to studies of non-Hermitian quantum dynamics of exciton-polaritons, which may uncover novel operating principles for polariton-based devices.

Reference:

[1]Observation of non-Hermitian degeneracies in a chaotic exciton-polariton billiard

T. Gao, E. Estrecho, K.Y. Bliokh, T.C.H. Liew, M.D. Fraser, S. Brodbeck, M. Kamp, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, Y. Yamamoto, F. Nori, Y.S. Kivshar, A. Truscott, R. Dall, E.A. Ostrovskaya, Nature 526,554(2015)

[2]Kasprzak, J. et al. Bose–Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons. Nature 443,409–414 (2006).

[3]Dembowski, C. et al. Encircling an exceptional point. Phys. Rev. E 69, 056216(2004).

简介:

高廷阁分别在2005年2008年分别获得北京师范大学学士学位,北京大学硕士学位。2014年在希腊克里特大学获得博士学位。博士项目从属于欧盟玛丽居里Clermont4。从2014年到现在在国立澳大利亚大学从事博士后研究。高廷阁一直从事砷化镓半导体微腔激子极化激元的研究。研究内容包括激子极化激元凝聚体的光学(自旋)调控,非厄米哈密顿量物理以及自发产生的激子极化激元凝聚体四波混频现象等。

时间:2015年12月11日上午10:00

地点:中科院物理研究所M253会议室

联系人:金奎娟 研究员 Tel82648099

邀请人:许秀来 研究员 Tel82649820

主办单位:中国科学院光物理重点实验室

 
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